Carne = Meat


aguayon = sirloin steak

aguja = litterally "needle." A cut of chuck steak that is one of the favorite al carbón (char-broiled) specialties of northern Mexico

albóndiga = meatball

arrachera = skirt steak

bistec = beefsteak

borrego = lamb 

cabra = goat

cabrito = kid (young goat)

carne = meat

  -- de cordero = lamb shank

  -- de puerco = pork

  -- de res = beef

  -- molida = ground meat or hamburger

  -- para asar = round steak

  -- picada = chopped beef  

  -- ternera = veal  

carnero = mutton or lamb  

carnitas = deep fried or shredded pork

cecina = cured meat  

cordero = mutton or lamb

cerdo = pork

cerdo picado = minced pork

chamberete = shank of beef

chamberete de carnero more commonly caña del cordero  = lamb or mutton shank

chicharrones = fried pork skins, cracklings

chilocuil = red maguey worms. second in popularity to the meocuil or white maguey worm.

chivo = kid (young goat)

chorizo = spicy pork sausage 

chuleta = chop, cutlet 

  -- de aguayon = sirloin steak

  -- de carnero = lamb chop

  -- de cordero = lamb chop

  -- de dos lomos = porterhouse steak

  -- de puerco = pork chop

  -- de ternera = veal chop

chuletón = beef chop

ciervo, venado = deer

codillo = elbow or knuckle.

conejo = rabbit

corazón = heart

cordero = lamb

costillas = ribs, spare ribs

costillas chuletas = rib steaks

cuajo = rennet  

cueritos = pickled pig skin

cueta = eye of the round

diezmillo = chuck steak

embutido = sausage and the making of sausage, cold meat

espinazo = spine, back bone

fajita = skirt steak cut into strips and fried

falda = skirt steak which is often actually flank steak

fiambre = cold cuts 

filete = filet, filet mignon

filete de carne =  steak

guasano = eye of the round

gusanos de maguey = worms found on the maguey (agave) plant that, when fried are considered a delicacy. The worm often found in bottles of mescal.

hamburguesa = hamburger 

hígado = liver

huesos = bones

jamón = ham

jumil = an insect that is eaten both alive and dried

lengua = tongue

liebre = hare

lomo = loin  

lomo de cerdo = pork tenderloin

machacado = dried shredded beef

magro = lean meat

manitas de cerdo = pigs feet

manteca = lard  

manteca de res = suet

meocuil = white maguey worm

milanesa, chuleta = cutlet

paleta = chuck shoulder

paletilla = pork shoulder

pecho curado = corned beef

pecho de res = brisket

pierna = leg, shank  

puerco = pork

punta de jamón = ham end

rabo del buey, rabo de toro = oxtail

res = beef (as in carne de res)

riñón = kidney  

salchicha = sausage

salchichón = dry sausage

sesos = brains (the food)

solomillo = sirloin or tenderloin steak

tasajo = jerky  

ternera = veal

tiras de carne asado = roasted stripes of meat

tocino = bacon  

tripa = tripe

trozo de rosbif = rib roast

ubre = udder as in tacos de ubre

vaca = cow

venado, carne de venado = venison 

venado, ciervo = deer



back bone = espinazo

bacon = tocino

beef = res, carne de res

  -- chop = chuletón

  -- chopped = carne picada

  -- corned = pecho curado

  -- dried shredded = machacado

  -- shank = chamberete

  -- steak = bistec

bones = huesos

brains (the food) = sesos

brisket = pecho de res

capon = capone

chop = chuleta(o)

chuck shoulder = paleta

chuck steak = diezmillo

cold cuts = fiambre

cow = vaca

cracklings = chicharrones

cured meat = cecina

cutlet = milanesa, chuleta

deer = venado, ciervo

elbow = codillo

eye of the round =  cueta, guasano

fajitas = arracheras

filet mignon  = filete

goat = cabra

goose = ganso

ground meat = carne molida

ham = jamón

ham end = punta de jamón

hamburger (meat) = carne molida

hamburger (sandwich) = hamburguesa

hare = liebre

heart = corazón

jerky =  tasajo

kid (young goat) = cabrito, chivo

kidney = riñón

knuckle = codillo

lamb = carnero, cordero

lamb chop = chuleta de carnero, chuleta de cordero

lard = manteca

lean meat = magro

leg = pierna

liver = hígado

loin =  lomo

maguey worm = meocuil

meat = carne

meatball = albóndiga

mutton = carnero

oxtail = rabo del buey, rabo de toro

pechuga = breast

pheasant = faisan

pig = cerdo, puerco  

  -- skins, fried = chicharrones

  -- skins, pickled = cueritos 

pigs feet = manitas de cerdo

pork = cerdo, puerco, carnias, carne de puerco

  -- chop = chuleta de puerco  

  -- deep fried = carnitas

  -- minced = cerdo picado

  -- shoulder = paletilla

  -- shredded = carnitas

  -- tenderloin = lomo de cerdo

porterhouse steak = chuleta de dos lomos

rabbit = conejo

rennet = cuajo

rib roast = trozo de rosbif

rib steak = costilla chuleta

ribs = costillas

round steak = carne para asar

sausage = salchicha, embutido

sausage, dry = salchichón

shank = pierna

shank of lamb or mutton = chamberete de carnero more commonly caña del cordero

sirloin steak = aguayon, chuleta de aguayon. solomillo

skirt steak = arracheras, falda

skirt steak cut into strips and fried = fajita

spare ribs = costillas

spine = espinazo

steak = bistec, filet de carne

suet = manteca de res

sweetbreads = mollejas

tenderloin steak = solomillo

tongue = lengua

tripe = tripa

turkey = pavo, guajolote (pavo is the more common term)

udder = ubre sometimes used in tacos

veal = ternera. carne de ternera

veal chop = chuleta de ternera

venison = venado, carne de venado


Pescado y Mariscos  =  Fish and Seafood

abadejo = haddock

abulón = abalone

acocil = small, fresh water crustacean  

ahumado = kipper

ala = fin of a fish

almeja = clam

anchoa, anchovete, bocón = anchovy

anguila = eel

arenque = herring

arenque ahumado = kipper

atún = tuna

bacalao = cod

bacalao salado = salted cod

bagre = see catfish

blanco de Nilo = a fish from the perch family; usually farm-raised

blanco de Pátzcuaro = a mild flavored fish from Lake Pátzcuaro in Michoacán

bocón = anchovy

bonito = bonito tuna

caballa = mackerel

caguama = a large turtle; an extra large bottle of beer or any large item

calamar = squid

callos de hacha = scallops

camarón = shrimp

cangrejo = crab

caracol = snail

cazón = dog fish, small shark

charales = a fish similar to smelts

choros = mussels

conchas = scallops

corvina = sea bass

cuda = barracuda

espada also pez espada = swordfish

gambas = prawns

hipogloso = halibut

huachinango = red snapper

hueva = roe

jaiba = crab

jurel = yellow tail

langosta = lobster  

langostino = crayfish

lenguado = flounder

lisa = striped mullet

lobina, róbalo = bass

macabi = bonefish

mariscos = seafood, usually shellfish; pescado is the usual term for fin fish

marlin = marlin

mejillones = mussels

mero = grouper

mojarra = a type of perch (the fish)

mújol = mullet

ostión = oyster

palometa = permit (the fish)

pámpano = pompano

pargo = red snapper

pejelagarto  = a type of alligator gar

percha = perch (the fish)

pescado blanco = white fish

pez espada = swordfish

pez vela = sailfish

pulpo = octopus

rape = monkfish

róbalo = bass 

sábalo = tarpon (silver king)

salmón = salmon  

salmón ahumado = smoked salmon

salmonete = red mullet

sardinas = sardines

sierra = mackerel

tiburón = shark

tortuga = turtle

trucha = trout

veneras = scallops



abalone = abulón

alligator gar = pejelagarto 

anchovy = anchoa, anchovete, bocón

barracuda = cuda

bass = lobina, róbalo

bonefish = macabi

bonito tuna = bonito

catfish = bagre.  There are many verities of catfish found in Mexico and they go by many different names.  Here are the most common: bagre (with many modifying words), barge, barbe, barbo, cautete, chihuil, cabeza de hueso, juile, siluro.  There may be others.

clam = almeja

cod = bacalao

  -- salted = bacalao salado

crab = jaiba, cangrejo

crayfish = langostino

dog fish = cazón

eel = anguila

fin = ala

flounder = lenguado

grouper = mero

haddock =  abadejo

halibut = hipogloso

herring = arenque

kipper = arenque ahumado

lobster = langosta

mackerel = caballa, sierra

marlin = marlin

monkfish = rape

mullet = mújol

mussels = mejillones, choros

octopus = pulpo

oyster = ostión

perch (the fish) = percha, mojarra

permit (the fish) = palometa

pompano = pámpano

prawns = gambas

red mullet = salmonete

red snapper = huachinango, pargo

roe = hueva

sailfish = pez vela

salmon = salmón

  -- smoked = salmón ahumado

sardines = sardinas

scallops = veneras, conchas, callos de hacha

sea bass = corvine

shark = tiburón

  -- small = cazón 

shrimp = camarón

snail = caracol

squid = calamar

striped mullet = lisa

swordfish = espada, pez espada

tarpon (silver king) = sábalo

trout = trucha

tuna = atún

turtle = tortuga

white fish = pescado blanco

yellow tail = jurel



Aves = Fowl

ala = wing 

capone =capon  

codorniz = quail   

faisan = pheasant  

gallina = hen

ganso = goose

guajolote, pavo = turkey (pavo is the more common term)  

menudencias = giblets    

mollejas = gizzards, sweetbreads

muslo = thigh

muslo de pollo = chicken drumstick  

paloma = dove, pigeon

pato = duck  

pavo = turkey 

pechuga = breast (as in chicken breast); white chicken meat   

pichon = pigeon  

pollo = chicken

pollo de leche = fryer

trocitos de pollo = chicken nuggets  

tinga de pollo = chunks of chicken meat  

trozos de pollo = pieces of chicken  



capon = capone

chicken = pollo

  -- chunks = tinga de pollo 

  -- drumstick = muslo de pollo

  -- fryer = pollo de leche

  -- nuggets = trocitos de pollo

  -- pieces = trozos de pollo

dove = paloma

duck = pato

giblets = menudencias

gizzards = mollejas

goose = ganso

hen = gallina

pheasant = faisan

pigeon = pichon, paloma

quail = codorniz

sweetbreads = mollejas

thigh = muslo

turkey = pavo, sometimes guajolote

wing = ala


Frutas y Nueces = Fruits and Nuts

aceituna = olive (Aceituna is not commonly used in Mexico except on labels of imported olive producs)

agua de coco = coconut milk

aguacate = avocado

ajonjolí = sesame

albaricoque, chabacano = apricot

almendra = almond

anacardo, nuez de la India = cashew  

arándano -- see note under berries

arándano rojo = cranberry (see note under berries)

avellana = filbert, hazelnut

baya = berry (see note under berries)

bellota = acorn

cacahuate = peanut

capulín = a fruit resembling a wild cherry, used for medicinal and ornamental purposes.  

castaño = chestnut

cereza = cherry

chabacano = apricot

chicozapote = brown-skinned fruit with a mild flavor somewhat like that of a pear.

chirimoya = a scaly, greenish-brown fruit that is white inside with large seeds. Very sweet with a custard-like flavor and grainy texture.

ciruela = plum

ciruela pasa = prune

coco = coconut

dátíl = date (the fruit)

durazno = peach

frambuesa = raspberry

fresas = strawberries

granada = pomegranate

grosella = currrant

guanábana = a medium large, sour fruit often used in ice cream

guayaba = guava 

guinda = choke or sour cherry

higo = fig  

lima = lemon

limón = lime  -- Note that lima/lemon and limón/lime in Mexico are reversed from English.  Can be confusing.  To make it more confusing, this reversal does not occur in all Spanish-speaking countries.

maguey = agave

mamey = a tree and the edible fruit it bears which is peach colored. A favorite ingredient in ice cream.  

mandarina = tangerine

mango = mango

manzana = apple  

maracuyá = passion fruit

melón = cantaloupe, melon

membrillo, ate = quince

mora -- see note under berries 

mora azul = blueberry (see note under berries)

naranja = orange

nectarina = nectarine

nogales = walnuts

nuez (plural nueces) = nut

nuez de la India, anacardo = cashew

nuez del Brazil = Brazil nut

oliva, aceituna = olive (Aceituna is not commonly used in Mexico except on labels of imported olive products)  

papaya = papaya

parcha = passion fruit

pasa = raisin

pera = pear

piña = pineapple

piñón = pine nut

pitajaya = dragon fruit plant

pitaya = another dragon fruit

plantaina, plátano macho = plantain, a large, thick-skinned, three-sided banana is used cooked, never raw.  

plátano = banana

plátano macho, plantaina = plantain, a large, thick-skinned, three-sided banana is used cooked, never raw.  

sandía = watermelon

tamarindo = tamarind

tejocote = a tree which produces a fruit resembling a crab apple. Used in syrups and punches

tejocote = Mexican hawthorn which is native to Mexico.  

toronja = grapefruit

uva = grape

uva pasa = raisin

zapote = trees which produce tropical fruits including the zapote prieto, zapote blanco, and zapote negro

zarzamora = blackberry



acorn = bellota

agave = maguey

almond = almendra

apple = manzana

apricot = albaricoque, chabacano

avocado = aguacate

banana =  plátano

berries = bayas  --- blackberries, blueberries, cranberries, and mulberries are sometimes called by a confusing overlapping of the same names = arándano, mora, zarzamora.  Strawberries = fresas are not part of this confusion.

blackberry = zarzamora (see note under berries)

blueberry = mora azul (see note under berries)

Brazil nut = nuez del Brazil

cantaloupe = melón

cashew = anacardo, nuez de la India

cereza = cherry

chestnut = castaño

choke cherry = guinda

coconut = coco

coconut milk = agua de coco

cranberry = arándano rojo (see note under berries)

currrant = grosella

date (the fruit) = dátíl

dragon fruit = pitaya, pitajaya

fig = higo

filbert = avellana

grape = uva

grapefruit = toronja

guava = guayaba

hazelnut = avellana

lemon = lima

lime = limón -- Note that lima/lemon and limón/lime in Mexico are reversed from English.  Can be confusing.  To make it more confusing, this reversal does not occur in all Spanish-speaking countries.

mango = mango

melon = melón

Mexican hawthorn = tejocote

nectarine = nectarina

nut = nuez; (plural nueces)

olive = oliva, aceituna (Aceituna is not commonly used in Mexico except on labels of imported olive products)  

orange = naranja

papaya = papaya

passion fruit = maracuyá, parcha

peach = durazno

peanut = cacahuate

peanut butter = crema de cacahuate , mantequilla de cacahuate

pear = pera

pine nut = piñón

pineapple = piña

plantain = plantaina, plátano macho = a large, thick-skinned, three-sided banana is used cooked, never raw.

plum = ciruela

pomegranate = granada

prune = ciruela pasa

quince = membrillo, ate

raisin = uva pasa, sometimes just pasa

raspberry = frambuesa

sesame = ajonjolí

sour cherry = guinda

strawberries = fresas

tamarind = tamarindo

tangerine = mandarina

walnuts = nogales

watermelon = sandía


Leches y Huevos = Dairy and Eggs

asadero = a type of cheese

clara de huevo = egg white

crema = cream

  -- agria = sour cream

  -- dulce = sweet cream

  -- para batir = whipping cream

huevo = egg

  -- clara = egg white

  -- cocido = boiled egg

  -- duro = hard boiled egg

  -- frito = fried egg

  -- tibio = soft-boiled egg

  -- yema = egg yolk

huevos Maxicanos = scrambled eggs with tomatoes, chilies and onions

huevos motuleños = tortilla topped with ham, fried eggs and a sauce made with cheese, peas and tomatoes

huevos revueltos = scrambles eggs  

jocoque = Mexican-style sour cream, somewhere between buttermilk and sour cream

leche = milk

mantequilla = butter  

nata = cream

  -- agria = sour cream

  -- montada = whipped cream

queso = cheese  

  -- añejo = a hard, aged cheese that when coated with chile is called queso enchilado. Also called queso cotija.

  -- asadero = a stringy cheese

  -- cotija See queso añejo

  -- fresco = a fresh soft cheese

  -- panela = cheese resembling feta

requesón = curd cheese, similar to ricotta

suero de leche = buttermilk, whey

yema de huevo = egg yolk

yemas = yolks



butter = mantequilla

buttermilk = suero de leche

cheese = queso

cream = crema, nata

  -- sour = crema agria, nata agria

  -- sweet = crema dulce

  -- whipped = nata montada

  -- whipping = crema para batir

egg = huevo

  -- fried = huevo frito

  -- hard-boiled = huevo duro

  -- scrambled = huevos revueltos

  -- soft-boiled = huevo tibio

  -- white = clara de huevo

  -- yolk = yema

light milk = leche light

milk = leche

ricotta = requesón  --  a curd cheese similar to ricotta

whey = suero de leche

yema = yolk

 Legumbres y Verduras = Vegetables

acelga = Swiss chard

alcachofa = artichoke

alubias = a dried white bean

ancho = dried poblano chile used in most red chile sauces

apio = celery

arroz = rice

ate = quince

ayocote = a large type of bean, also spelled ayecote

berenjena = eggplant

berro = watercress

berza, col, repollo = cabbage

betabel = beet also remolacha

biznaga = a type of cactus, resembling a barrel cactus, from whose young stalks acitrón, (candied cactus) which is used as a flavoring in stuffings such as for chiles en nogada, is made  

brócoli, brécol = broccoli

brotes de soja = bean sprouts (soyabean)

cabuche = flower of the biznaga (barrel) cactus

cacahuacentli also spelled cacahuacintle and cacahuazintle = a type of corn with large ears and round grains (resembling cacao beans) often used to make tamales cernidos (strained tamales, meaning that the dough is strained to make it extra fine and spongy) and pozole.

calabacín =  zucchini squash

calabaza = pumpkin or summer squash  

camote = sweet potato; sweets which are made with sweet potatoes and fruit

cebolla = onion

cebollíta, cebolita, cebolla de verde = scallion 

cereal = cereal

champiñón = mushroom; See also hongo

chaya = large-leafed vegetable used to flavor soups, stews and, in some areas, to wrap tamales.

chayote = a squash called Mirliton in the southern USA

chícharo = pea

chilacayote = gourd with edible flesh and seeds.

chile pimiento morrón amarillo = yellow bell pepper

chile pimiento morrón rojo = red bell pepper

chile pimiento morrón verde = green bell pepper

chiles -- see this website for a list of common chiles with heat ratings. Also look at this one.

chipotle = smoked ripe jalapeno chile, very hot with a smoky flavor  

choucroute, chucrut, col picada en salmuera = sauerkraut

col = cabbage

coles de Bruselas = brussel sprouts

coliflor = cauliflower

colorín = edible, red flowers from the tree of the same name - coral tree in English

copos de avena = oats

copos de maíz tostados, often "cornflakes" = cornflakes

corazones de alcachofas = artichoke hearts

cuitlacoche,  huitlacoche = mushroom-like corn smut 

ejotes = green beans

elote = fresh corn, (as opposed to maíz or dried corn) and corn-on-the-cob

endibia = endive

espárrago = asparagus

espelón = a small, black bean from the Yucatan

espinacas = spinach

flor de calabaza = squash blossom

fresadilla = another word for tomatillo

frijoles = beans

garbanzos = chickpeas

guisantes = peas

haba = fava bean 

habanero = a very hot chile with a fruity flavor

hongo, champiñón  = mushroom

huauzontle, sometimes spelled guausoncle = a plant related to epazote whose leaves are coated with batter and fried.

jícama = a white-fleshed root vegetable also called a Mexican potato, and can be eaten either raw or cooked. Makes a great addition to salads or can be boiled or baked like a potato

jitomate, tomate = tomato

lechuga = lettuce

legumbre = vegetable  

lentejas = lentils

maíz = corn in its dried state as opposed to elote which refers to fresh corn

mantequilla de cacahuate = peanut butter

manzana chile = a medium to hot chile with a fruity flavor, also know as chile rocoto, chile peron, or chile caballo

nabo = turnip

nopal = Mexican edible cactus, either the whole plant or the leaf. Called nopalitos when the leaves are chopped into small pieces. Considered an aid to lowering cholesterol. Called prickly pear cactus in the USA

palomitas = popcorn

papa, patata = potato.  La papa = the potato; El Papa = the Pope;  papá = dad, daddy or father; so be careful of the article and pronunciation. 

pasilla chile (called chile negro when dried) =  mild to medium hot;  thin, five- to seven-inches long, and dark green; often called by other names is parts of Mexico and the USA.

pepinillo = gherkins

pepino = cucumber

poblano = a variety of chile used to make chiles
rellenos and other dishes

puerro = leek

quimbombó = okra

quingombó = okra 

quelite = "greens," a general name for edible plants; specifically the leaves of the amaranth plant

rábano = raddish  

remolacha = beet

repollo, col, berza = cabbage

ristra = a string of dried red chiles

salvado = bran

serrano chile = very hot, easy to use in salsas because the thin skin does not need to be rmoved

té = tea  

telera = a type of wheat-flour 

tomate = ?  This is a problem word because it is often used differently in different parts of Mexico -- sometimes meaning tomato and, sometimes, tomatillo.

tomate de milpa = tomatillo

tomatillo also called tomate de milpa, tomate verde and fresadilla, see tomate above.  It looks like a tiny green tomato, which it is not, enclosed in a paper-like husk that is removed before cooking. Used in a variety of Mexican dishes and sauces to add an acidic flavor

trigo = wheat

tuna = the fruit of the nopal cactus.

verdolaga = purslane

xoconostle = a type of cactus tuna

zanahoria = carrot



artichoke = alcachofa

artichoke hearts = corazones de alcachofas = 

asparagus = espárrago

bean sprouts (soyabean) = brotes de soja

beans = frijoles; bean = frijol

beet = betabel,  remolacha

bell pepper, green = chile pimiento morrón verde

bell pepper, red = chile pimiento morrón rojo

bell pepper, yellow = chile pimiento moron amarillo

bran = salvado

broccoli = brócoli, brécol

Brussels sprouts = coles de Bruselas

cabbage = col, repollo, berza

cactus, prickly pear cactus = nopal = Mexican edible cactus, either the whole plant or the leaf. Called nopalitos when the leaves are chopped into small pieces. Considered an aid to lowering cholesterol.

camote = sweet potato; sweets which are made with sweet potatoes and fruit

carrot = zanahoria

cauliflower =  coliflor

celery = apio

cereal = cereal

chickpeas = garbanzos

corn, dried = maíz

corn, fresh = elote and corn-on-the-cob

cornflakes = copos de maíz tostados, often "cornflakes"

cucumber = pepino

eggplant = berenjena

endive = endibia

fava bean = haba

gherkins = pepinillo

green beans = ejotes

greens = quelite; a general name for edible plants; specifically the leaves of the amaranth plant

leek = puerro

lentils = lentejas

lettuce = lechuga

mushroom = champiñón, hongo 

oats = copos de avena

okra = quimbombó, quingombó

onion = cebolla

pea = chícharo, guisante

popcorn = palomitas

potato = papa, patata  La papa = the potato; El Papa = the Pope;  papá = dad, daddy or father; so be careful of the article and pronunciation. 

pumpkin = calabaza

purslane = verdolaga

quince = ate

raddish = rábano

rice =arroz

sauerkraut = choucroute, chucrut, col picada en salmuera 

scallion = cebollíta, cebolita, cebolla de verde

spinach = espinacas

squash blossom = flor de calabaza

summer squash = calabaza

Swiss chard = acelga

tea = té

tomato = jitomate and, sometimes, tomate
               See tomate/

turnip = nabo

vegetable = legumbre

watercress = berro

wheat = trigo

yellow bell pepper, yellow = chile pimiento morrón amarillo

zucchini squash = calabacín


Especias = Spices and Herbs

achiote = the seed of the annato tree which is used to make a seasoning paste of the same name.

ajedrea = savory  

ajo = garlic

albahaca = basil 

alcaparras = capers

alcaravea = caraway

anís = anise

annatto = small, dark red seed used by the Mayas to color and spice food

azafrán = saffron (and crocus)

azafrancillo  = a plant whose bulbs are used to color foods, and often used as a substitute for saffron

azucar = sugar

canela = cinnamon  

cardamomo = cardamom 

cebollino = chive

chía = a plant whose seeds have been used since pre-Hispanic times as in ingredient in drinks, cereals and tamales.

chicoria = chicory

cilantro = coriander

clavo de olor = clove

comino = cumin

coriando = coriander, cilantro

crema tartaro = cream of tartar

cucuma = tumeric

curry en polvo = curry powder

dientes de ajo = cloves of garlic

eneldo = dill

epazote = an herb  used to flavor beans, soups, stews and quesadillas

estragón = tarragon

flor de jamaica = the deep red portion of hibiscus flowers used to make soft drinks and a tea

granos de pimienta = peppercorns

hierbabuena = mint. also spelled yerbabuena

hierbaluisa = lemon verbena

hierbas = herbs

hinojo  = fennel

hoja santa or piper sanctum or acuyo = a plant whose large, soft leaves with the flavor of anis are used as an ingredient in stews and tamales. Often referred to as the rootbeer plant

jamaica = hibiscus flower used to make flavored drinks

jengibre = ginger

laurel = laurel, bay leaf

macis = mace

mejorana = marjoram

menta = mint

mostaza = mustard

nuez moscada = nutmeg

orégano = oregano (Mexican oregano is different.  Click on the link.)

panela = brown sugar, usually sold molded into small, hard cones. also called panocha and piloncillo.

panocha = brown sugar, sugar, usually sold in small, very hard cones. also called panela and piloncillo.  

peladura, cáscara = rind, zest

perejil = parsley  

perifollo = chervil

piloncillo = brown sugar, usually found in small hard cones. also called panela and panocha.  

paprika = paprika 

pimienta = pepper

  -- blanca = white pepper  

  -- cayena = cayenne pepper

  -- de jamaica  = allspice

  -- dulce = paprika  

  -- inglesa = allspice

  -- negra = black pepper, often without "negra"

 rábano picante = horseradish

romeritos  = similar to, but stronger than, rosemary, often use to make a sauce of the same name, especailly during Lent and Christmas

romero = rosemary

ruda = rue

sal = salt

salsa de soya (soja) = soy sauce

salsa inglesa = Worcestershire sauce

salsa tártara = tartar sauce

salvia = sage

sazon = seasoning power of many spices like a BBQ rub

semilla = seed

  -- de ajonjoli = sesame seed

  -- de alcaravea = caraway seed

  -- de amapola = poppy seed

  -- de apio = celery seed

tequezquite = a substitute for baking power; also used to soften beans and cook nopales and vegetables, so they will keep their natural color.

tomillo = thyme

vainas de vainilla = vanilla beans

vainilla = vanilla

yerba buena = wild mint, fresh or dried

yerba santa = heart shaped leaves for seasoning, with anise flavor; also used as a medicinal herb for coughing and asthma



alcaravea = caraway seed = semilla

allspice = pimienta de Jamaica, pimienta inglesa

anise = anís

basil = albahaca

capers = alcaparras

caraway = alcaravea

bay leaf = laurel

brown sugar = piloncillo, panocha, panela, usually sold molded into small, hard cones.

cardamom = cardamomo

celery seed = semilla de apio

chervil = perifollo

chicory = chicoria

chive = cebollino

cinnamon = canela

clove (the spice) = clavo, clavo de olor

clove of garlic = diente de ajo

coriander = cilantro

cream of tartar = crema tartaro

cumin = comino

curry powder = curry en polvo

dill = eneldo

fennel = hinojo

garlic = ajo

ginger = jengibre

herbs = hierbas

hibiscus flower = Jamaica

horseradish = rábano picante

laurel = laurel

lemon verbena = hierbaluisa

mace = macis

marjoram = mejorana

mint = minta, yerbabuena, hierbabuena

mustard = mostaza

nutmeg = nuez moscada

oregano = orégano Mexican oregano is different.  Click on the link.

paprika = paprika, pimienta dulce 

parsley = perejil

pealing = peladura

pepper = pimienta

  -- cayenne = pimienta cayena

  -- negra = black pepper, often without "negra"

  -- white = pimienta  blanca

peppercorns = granos de pimienta

poppy seed = semilla de amapola

rosemary = romero; romeritos is similar to, but stronger than, rosemary, often use to make a sauce of the same name, especaily during Lent and Christmas

rue = ruda

saffron = azafrán

sage = salvia

salt = sal

savory = ajedrea

seed = semilla

sesame seed = semilla de ajonjoli

soy sauce = salsa de soya (soja)

sugar = azucar

tarragon = estragón

tartar sauce = salsa tártara

thyme = tomillo

tumeric = cucuma

vanilla = vainilla

vanilla beans = vainas de vainilla

Worcestershire sauce = salsa inglesa

zest = cáscara


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